Population and the Future
What if the world population explode and have no more space to accommodate with? Will this be the end of mankind? Are we going to find salvation in time? Or are we too late to try? This day, let us raise awareness and celebrate World Population Day.
Yearly the world continues to get more and more crowded. We tend to pack ourselves into massive cities while there are presently still long open stretches of countryside. The power and food needs of the world continue to place a high demand; something we have trouble accommodating. Resources in general are becoming harder and harder to come by. World Population Day comes along each year to remind us that our present rate of population growth is unsustainable. If we don’t act, the present social issues we are experiencing to meet the demand of that population will worsen if we don’t do something.
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Shocking truth about World Population
Here some facts about world population you might not know.
By 2024 India will overtake China as the world’s most populous country- China currently has 1.4 billion inhabitants, closely followed by India with 1.3 billion. Together they make up 37% of the world’s population.
Nigeria has the world’s fastest growing population- Nigeria is currently 7th on the list of most populous countries.
Fertility has fallen all over the world- Since the 1960s, the global birth rate has fallen to an average of 2.5 births per woman.
Almost half the world’s population live in countries with low fertility- Between 2010 and 2015, 46% of the world’s population lived in 83 countries. This is where the fertility level was below the threshold of 2.1.
We are living longer – Overall, life expectancy is increasing. On a global level, life expectancy at birth rose by almost 4 years, or from 67 to 71 years.
Effects of Over Population
This problem occurs in almost every country. Poverty is mostly a state of inability to make financial movements in between people.
So the more population, the difficult it would be to accommodate everyone into jobs. Chances of criminal activities and theft tends to grow when this happens. Aftermath is disturbance to the society.
3. Health issues:
Due to increase in proximity between people at places of residence, the chances of spread of infections is quite higher. This is more problematic in cases of epidemics like recent zika virus infection
4. Unequal education:
Since education is expensive, many like to perceive it at minimal cost. But due to huge population competing for the seats, some miss the opportunity.
There are different types of pollution like air, water, land etc. Due to more population, there is high human activity like more travel, more vehicles, more release of sewage water etc. These issues will lead to enhancement in pollution.